Alexandre Deulofeu: «How shall we get to a universal confederation?».
Chapter XIX from Book «Catalonia and the future of Europe», by Alexandre Deulofeu i Torres, published in 1934 and reprinted in 1978.
How shall we get to a universal confederation?
Which should be the future
world organisation? Of course, a voluntary federation of free peoples,
which all of them will have the same rank and, therefore, the same
How can we get there? Of
course, by natural evolution, which is already taking place by two
- 1st Through the
disintegration of the empires and the ensuing liberation of the
nationalities, which will become members of a partial federation. This
case of the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian empire, which had as
consequence the freedom of the Czech, the Slovakian and of Hungary. The
two united to create a republic, within which each of the two peoples
free. The Russian revolution gave birth to the Federation of Soviet
Other peoples, such as Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, became fully
but at present it is easy to foresee a future federation of the Baltic
In the meantime, Hungary, Poland and Austria remain fully independent.
- 2nd The submitted
peoples attain an autonomous regime within the empire, which slowly
towards a federal regime until the predominance of the people which up
had exerted hegemony is completely cancelled out. Spain is an example,
observe that, when the king was overthrown, a federable republic was
established where, in the first place Catalonia declared its autonomous
Nowadays, nobody ignores the
Basque nationalistic movement, which will end up with an autonomous,
self-governing regime for the Basque Country and Navarre. The same will
with Galicia, Valencia, Majorca, probably with Aragon, and perhaps with
peoples in Spain. This evolution only needs time to come true.
As soon as the autonomous
peoples reach their prime, they will create a federation of Hispanic
made up by the Catalan, Castilian, Galician, Valencian, Majorcan,
republics, or by sub federations, such as the
federation, in due time federated with the Galician-Portuguese,
Castilian-Leonese, Basque-Navarrese ones, etc. These Sub federations,
which the republics will have a freedom limited only by their own will,
appoint their own representatives for setting up a general Parliament,
will come together alternatively in the different capital cities of the
and which will deal with the international matters the partial
confer on them.
Probably the same will be true
for the British Isles with Ireland, England, Wales and Scotland, and
with the federation of the Occitan republics and the republics of
Normandy, Île-de-France, etc. These federations, following the
have a law article stating that: The federated republics have the right
separate at will from the confederation. The old-fashioned notion of
French, etc., patriotism will have disappeared. Spain and France, and
decadent powers will be substituted by groups of federated peoples.
will be no chauvinistic prejudices, logically the peoples will tend to
customs regulations, and of course the Iberian federation, together
federations of other countries, will tend to establish a common
where each of the federated peoples will be represented.
The enlargement of the
confederation will take us to the highest ideal, which will be made up
multitude of free peoples, each with its own government and parliament,
with a super-parliament, which will be made up by a representative of
the small European republics, whose basic scope will be to maintain
the confederated republics.
How will it be possible to
avoid an armed conflict? Very easily. Each republic will have a law and
service which will be under the authority of the general parliament
will be needed. It is understood, however, that this will never come to
for the simple reason that its power will be enormous with respect to
the federated peoples. Any disagreement between two states will be
the parliament and will be settled in a democratic way following the
of the majority. It is understood that the decision will be accepted
immediately out of a democratic feeling, and also because there will be
single head of state strong enough to go against the whole
Inevitably an international
language will have to be adopted. In face of the existence of over two
official languages, it will be absolutely essential to use one single
in the general parliament's debates, which will be Esperanto, or any
language not belonging to any of the federated peoples, in order to
Europe is rushing towards a
political regime similar to the one shown in the graph for the years
to 100 B.C., in the Ancient Age, and from year 800 to 1500 in the
The difference is that in these periods there were many partial
small nationalities which were completely free, without a superior
settle their disputes, in future Europe there will be a true Society of
which will make international armed conflicts impossible.
The political planetary pyramid.
Let us imagine the Iberian Peninsula occupied by the French.
The outstanding challenges of Alexandre Deulofeu and their solutions, according to Agustí Chalaux.